A political process by an individual or group which aims to influence public-policy and resource allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions. Advocacy can include many activities, including media campaigns, public speaking, commissioning and publishing research in favour of the cause they are advocating for.
An approach to development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations from achieving developmental goals. It can also enhance the abilities of marginalised groups, such as women, providing them with tools and strategies to reach empowerment. (Also see: Women's Empowerment).
The division of society into social and racial groups. Most common in India and Pakistan. The Human Rights Watch state that caste discrimination affects an estimated 250 million people worldwide.
A relationship between an indigenous (or forcibly imported) majority and a minority of colonial rulers. The decisions affecting the lives of the colonised people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers in pursuit of interests that are often of benefit to the colonial rulers' home land. Colonialism often rejects cultural compromises with the indigenous colonised population, as colonisers are convinced of their own superiority and their mandate to rule over other peoples and/or nations. (Also see: Pre-Independence).
Traditional dance in Palestine, widely performed at weddings and joyous occasions.
Female doctor in Pakistan.
A form of government, which is ruled by either an individual, a dictator, or an authoritarian party. There are no elections held or opposition parties. Dictatorship can span for many years and often result in a Coup. (Also see: Coup).
A domestic worker works within their employer's household. Domestic workers perform a variety of household services for an individual or family, from providing care for children and elderly, to cleaning and household maintenance. Responsibilities may also include cooking, doing laundry and ironing, food shopping and other household errands. Some domestic workers live within the household where they work. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) states that 83% of domestic workers are women; many are migrant workers and children. It has been estimated that globally, at least 10 million children work in domestic labour jobs.
Femininity is a set of qualities, characteristics or roles generally considered typical of, or appropriate to, a woman. Femininity is a dynamic concept that is subject to change depending on age, culture, religion, nationality, sexual preference and environmental factors, among others.
The feminist movement (also known as the Women's Movement + Women's Liberation) refers to a series of campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of which fall under the label of feminism. The movement's priorities vary among nations and communities.
A person who spends a majority of their time providing a public service.
The measurable equal representation of women and men. Gender equality does not imply that women and men are the same, but that they have equal value and should be accorded equal treatment. The United Nations regards gender equality as a human right. It points out that empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. The ultimate aim of gender equality is to provide equality in law, political participation and representation, formal and informal employment and salaries, social and cultural situations, and access to education and training.
Development is about expanding the choices people have to lead lives that they value, and improving the human condition so that people have the chance to lead full lives. Human development is about much more than economic growth, which is only a means of enlarging people’s choices. One measure of human development is the Human Development Index (HDI). The United Nations made a commitment to accomplish the 8 Millennium Development Goals by 2015 in order to make an attempt to improve human development.
The Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, beginning in 1987.
Lady Health Worker Programme
A major public sector initiative which provides reproductive health-care to women in rural Pakistan and is provided and run by women frontline workers.
Lomé Peace Accord
A peace agreement signed on 7 July 1999 between the warring parties in the Sierre Leone civil war. Signed by President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah and Revolutionary United Front (RUF) leader Foday Sankoh.
Processes that limit or exclude individuals or entire communities of people from accessing rights, opportunities and resources (e.g. housing, employment, health-care, political participation, worker's rights and education), which are available to other members of society and are key to social integration and development.
Masculinity is a set of qualities, characteristics or roles generally considered typical of, or appropriate to, a man. Masculinity is a dynamic concept that is subject to change depending on age, culture, religion, nationality, sexual preference and environmental factors, among others.
National Federation of Domestic Workers
A Brazilian women's organisation founded in 1997, which has brought about changes to workers rights, particularly for Brazilian domestic workers.
The action of/opportunity to take part in something. Participation in politics and society allows the public to contribute and express their views on political, economic, environmental or social decisions in their communities and country.
Analysis that evaluates data collected using public opinions relating to views on political, economic, environmental or social decisions.
Research that collects public opinions and allows the public opportunities to contribute and express their views on political, economic, environmental or social decisions.
The lack of access to choices and opportunities, and violations of human dignity. Poverty means a lack of basic capacity to participate effectively in society; not having enough money to feed and clothe a family, not having access to hospitals or schools, not having rights or ownership of land on which to grow food or having a job to earn a living, not having access to credit systems. It also means insecurity, powerlessness and the exclusion of individuals, households and communities. Poverty can also be created by living near fragile environments and not having access to clean water or sanitation and stable infrastructure.
The practice of concealing women from men, especially during religious ceremonies.
Collective organisations within societies, organised for the purpose of representing the interests of workers and the working class.
A process of transforming gender power relations, through individuals, groups or policy, which develops awareness of gender inequalities and supports building capacity and structures which challenge these inequalities.
A women's movement (also known as a Feminist Movement + Women's Liberation) refers to a series of campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of which fall under the label of feminism. The movement's priorities vary among nations and communities.
Worker Rights Movements
A collective organisation of working people campaigning for better working conditions and treatment from their employers and governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws. Many individuals and political groups throughout history have been active in or part of worker rights movements. (Also referred to as Labour Movements).